How Well Do You Remember Greek and Roman Mythology?

How much do you remember from your Greek and Roman mythology studies?

Introduction

The Greek civilization fell to the Romans almost 2,000 years ago, and the Western Roman Empire finally petered out around 1453. Given how much time has passed since these two ancient civilizations ruled the world, it’s amazing how much of their legacy remains. Our planets and days of the week were named for Roman gods, and the Olympics were first convened to honor the Greek god Zeus. Both cultures have a profound influence on our contemporary world, from how we govern our society to what we eat and drink.

If there’s one thing the Greeks and Romans loved, it was their deities. There was a god for everything, and many of those worshiped by the Greeks were kept and given new names by the Romans. The stories that surround their jealousies, love affairs, and immeasurable powers are endlessly fascinating, and continue to be the basis for Hollywood blockbusters and Disney features. The core group of twelve gods who lived on Mount Olympus spawned dozens of lesser gods, and their affairs became interwoven with the lives of mortals. Heroes were born, destinies were controlled by the heavens, and life itself rested on the unknowable will of fickle gods.

You may have studied Greek and Roman mythology at school or seen any number of films and television shows based on the lives of these immortals, but pop culture also probably exposed you to mythology references. Bands like Styx and Kronos owe their names to the ancient gods, for example. Poseidon, Zeus, and Neptune are all well known, even if you’re not too sure about who did what to whom.

How well do you think you can do on our quiz? There’s only one way to find out. Take the quiz now!

Description

The Greek civilization fell to the Romans almost 2,000 years ago, and the Western Roman Empire finally petered out around 1453. Given how much time has passed since these two ancient civilizations ruled the world, it’s amazing how much of their legacy remains. Our planets and days of the week were named for Roman gods, and the Olympics were first convened to honor the Greek god Zeus. Both cultures have a profound influence on our contemporary world, from how we govern our society to what we eat and drink.

If there’s one thing the Greeks and Romans loved, it was their deities. There was a god for everything, and many of those worshiped by the Greeks were kept and given new names by the Romans. The stories that surround their jealousies, love affairs, and immeasurable powers are endlessly fascinating, and continue to be the basis for Hollywood blockbusters and Disney features. The core group of twelve gods who lived on Mount Olympus spawned dozens of lesser gods, and their affairs became interwoven with the lives of mortals. Heroes were born, destinies were controlled by the heavens, and life itself rested on the unknowable will of fickle gods.

You may have studied Greek and Roman mythology at school or seen any number of films and television shows based on the lives of these immortals, but pop culture also probably exposed you to mythology references. Bands like Styx and Kronos owe their names to the ancient gods, for example. Poseidon, Zeus, and Neptune are all well known, even if you’re not too sure about who did what to whom.

How well do you think you can do on our quiz? There’s only one way to find out. Take the quiz now!

Short Description

Ancient Greeks and Romans worshiped many gods and goddesses, all with different powers and abilities. Some were actually the same entity but given different names in each culture, while others were totally unique to either Greek or Roman lore. You may remember Zeus and Poseidon, but how many others come to mind when you think of these old myths and legends? Whether you learned about them from grade school, movies, or books, this quiz will test just how well you know the ancient gods.


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Let's Play!

1. Who is the Roman god of war?


1. Who is the Roman god of war?

1. Hercules

2. Mars

3. Vulcan

4. Pluto

The correct answer is Mars, known as Ares in Greek mythology.



2. Which god has the same name in both Greek and Roman mythology?


2. Which god has the same name in both Greek and Roman mythology?

1. Mars

2. Jupiter

3. Apollo

4. Mercury

The correct answer is Apollo, the god of music and medicine.



3. The Poseidon Adventure is named for the Greek god of the sea. Who is the equivalent Roman god?


3. The Poseidon Adventure is named for the Greek god of the sea. Who is the equivalent Roman god?

1. Nemo

2. Neptune

3. Pluto

4. Gaea

Neptune is the correct answer. He really rocks that trident!



4. Diana (Roman), or Artemis (Greek), is the goddess of which activity?


4. Diana (Roman), or Artemis (Greek), is the goddess of which activity?

1. The Hunt

2. The Harvest

3. Childbirth

4. Sailing

The correct answer is that she is goddess of the hunt, but did you know she is also the goddess of the moon?



5. Eros (Greek), or Cupid (Roman), is the god of what?


5. Eros (Greek), or Cupid (Roman), is the god of what?

1. Wine

2. Marriage

3. Music

4. Love

The correct answer is love. Some believe that Valentine's Day is a celebration of Eros/Cupid.



6. Who is the Roman god of wine?


6. Who is the Roman god of wine?

1. Bacchus

2. Saturn

3. Mercury

4. Adonis

The correct answer is Bacchus. His Greek equivalent is Dionysus.



7. Which mortal flies too close to the sun, melting the wax holding his wings together?


7. Which mortal flies too close to the sun, melting the wax holding his wings together?

1. Icabod

2. Icarus

3. Achilles

4. Isthmus

The correct answer is Icarus. He ignores his father's warnings not to fly too close to the sun.



8. Hades snatches which goddess to live with him in the Underworld?


8. Hades snatches which goddess to live with him in the Underworld?

1. Gaea

2. Demeter

3. Aphrodite

4. Persephone

The correct answer is Persephone. Zeus gave permission for the abduction because there's no way her mother Demeter was going to let it happen.



9. Which hero of the Trojan War is fatally shot in the ankle?


9. Which hero of the Trojan War is fatally shot in the ankle?

1. Homer

2. Troy

3. Achilles

4. Hera

The correct answer is Achilles. Your Achilles tendon is named after him.



10. Sisyphus is punished by Zeus for what?


10. Sisyphus is punished by Zeus for what?

1. His bravery

2. His handsomeness

3. His deceitfulness

4. His wealth

The correct answer is that Zeus punishes him for being deceitful. He is doomed to push a boulder uphill, and whenever he reaches the top, it will roll back down. He is to repeat this process forever.



11. Who is the wife of Zeus?


11. Who is the wife of Zeus?

1. Hera

2. Rhea

3. Demeter

4. Diana

The correct answer is Hera. Zeus isn't exactly faithful, despite Hera being the patron goddess of marriage.



12. Where did the ancient gods live in Greek mythology?


12. Where did the ancient gods live in Greek mythology?

1. Mount Everest

2. Mount Olympus

3. Mount of Olives

4. Mount Caspian

The correct answer is Mount Olympus, the highest mountain in Greece.



13. Zeus, Poseidon, and Hades are three brothers who overthrew a generation of gods. What is this generation called?


13. Zeus, Poseidon, and Hades are three brothers who overthrew a generation of gods. What is this generation called?

1. Senators

2. Eternals

3. Majestics

4. Titans

The correct answer is the Titans. Zeus controls the sky, Poseidon the seas, and Hades the Greek underworld.



14. Who is the king of the gods in Roman mythology?


14. Who is the king of the gods in Roman mythology?

1. Saturn

2. Mars

3. Jupiter

4. Mercury

Jupiter is the correct answer. He is the Roman equivalent of the Greek god Zeus.



15. Which of these creatures does Heracles not defeat?


15. Which of these creatures does Heracles not defeat?

1. The Nemean lion

2. The Cretan Bull

3. The Vulcan dagon

4. The Lernaean hydra

The correct answer is the Vulcan dragon. Heracles is known for his great strength and his many adventures.



16. Who is the leader of the Argonauts?


16. Who is the leader of the Argonauts?

1. James

2. Jason

3. Joseph

4. Jonathan

The correct answer is Jason. The Argonauts are a band of Greek adventurers, searching for the Golden Fleece.



17. What is the name of the multi-headed dog that guards the Greek underworld?


17. What is the name of the multi-headed dog that guards the Greek underworld?

1. Cerberus

2. Typhon

3. Gryphon

4. Cronus

The correct answer is Cerberus. Its name possibly means "spotted."



18. How do the Greek Sirens seduce sailors?


18. How do the Greek Sirens seduce sailors?

1. Dancing

2. Flirting

3. Singing

4. Cooking

The correct answer is singing. The Sirens' song lures unsuspecting sailors to their death on the rocky coast. Contrary to popular contemporary artwork, early Greek art depicts the Sirens as a mixture of women and birds.



19. What food of the gods do doves bring to Olympus?


19. What food of the gods do doves bring to Olympus?

1. Ambrosia

2. Amethyst

3. Nectar

4. Honey

The correct answer is ambrosia, also known as the nectar of the gods.



20. What is Atlas condemned to hold up?


20. What is Atlas condemned to hold up?

1. Earth

2. Mount Olympus

3. The sky

4. All Greek architecture

The correct answer is the sky. Pictures of Atlas holding the earth on his back are misguided; Zeus actually condemns Atlas to hold up the heavens.



21. Whose head does the goddess Athena wear on her shield?


21. Whose head does the goddess Athena wear on her shield?

1. Gorgon

2. Medusa

3. Pandora

4. Narcissus

The correct answer is the head of Medusa. It is given to her by Perseus, and is capable of turning onlookers to stone.



22. Pan is the god of nature and music. He had the legs of which animal listed?


22. Pan is the god of nature and music. He had the legs of which animal listed?

1. Sheep

2. Deer

3. Lion

4. Goat

The correct answer is goat. Pan is also the god of shepherds.



23. Athena (Greek), or Minerva (Roman), is the goddess of strategic warfare and what other attribute?


23. Athena (Greek), or Minerva (Roman), is the goddess of strategic warfare and what other attribute?

1. Patience

2. Wisdom

3. Fortitude

4. Strength

The correct answer is wisdom. Minerva is also the goddess of poetry and weaving.



24. What is the name of Zeus' immortal winged horse?


24. What is the name of Zeus

1. Pegasus

2. Swayze

3. Earod

4. Adonis

The correct answer is Pegasus. He also carries the god's thunderbolts.



25. Who delivers messages for the Roman gods?


25. Who delivers messages for the Roman gods?

1. Juno

2. Mercury

3. Ceres

4. Dionysus

The correct answer is Mercury. He has little wings on his boots and cap.



26. Who is the queen of the Roman gods?


26. Who is the queen of the Roman gods?

1. Juno

2. Minerva

3. Athena

4. Hera

The correct answer is Juno. She is married to Jupiter and was called Regina (Queen) by the Romans.



27. The Sphinx is sent by the gods to plague the Greek town of Thebes. Who solves her riddle?


27. The Sphinx is sent by the gods to plague the Greek town of Thebes. Who solves her riddle?

1. Electra

2. Oedipus

3. Nyx

4. Triton

The answer is Oedipus. The riddle is as follows: "What walks on 4 legs in the morning, 2 at noon and 3 in the evening?" The answer is man, throughout the three stages of life. As a child, you crawl. As an adult, you walk upright. As an elderly person, you use a cane.



28. Who does Charon work for?


28. Who does Charon work for?

1. Hades

2. Hecate

3. Hypnos

4. Hermes

The answer is Hades. He is the ferryman who takes the souls of the dead to the Underworld.



29. The Romans named the first month of the year after this two-faced god.


29. The Romans named the first month of the year after this two-faced god.

1. Janon

2. Janice

3. Janus

4. Janope

The correct answer is Janus. He is the god of doors, duality, and new beginnings, often depicted with two faces that looked towards both the future and the past.



30. Which ancient games were created in honor of the Greek god Zeus?


30. Which ancient games were created in honor of the Greek god Zeus?

1. Olympics

2. Decathlon

3. Zecathon

4. Invictus

The correct answer is the Olympics. The modern Olympics were revived in 1896 and first held in Athens, Greece.



31. Adonis is the handsome lover of which Greek goddess?


31. Adonis is the handsome lover of which Greek goddess?

1. Diana

2. Aphrodite

3. Artemis

4. Myrrha

The correct answer is Aphrodite. She has to share Adonis with Persephone, and is heartbroken when he dies after being gored by a wild boar.



32. Who is the Roman god of fire?


32. Who is the Roman god of fire?

1. Vulcan

2. Sparticus

3. Tinder

4. Flamius

The correct answer is Vulcan. He is also the god of metalworking, and his counterpart in Greek mythology is Hephaestus.



33. Which of Jupiter's daughters is the goddess of fate?


33. Which of Jupiter

1. Muses

2. Decima

3. Morta

4. Fortuna

The correct answer is Fortuna. She can bring bad or good luck, and is often portrayed as sightless.



34. Which god listed below came to be known as the god of time?


34. Which god listed below came to be known as the god of time?

1. Fugit

2. Saturn

3. Uranus

4. Jupiter

The correct answer is Saturn. Both Saturday and the planet Saturn are named after this important Roman god.



35. What is both the name of a Greek goddess and the name of the river that separates earth from the Underworld?


35. What is both the name of a Greek goddess and the name of the river that separates earth from the Underworld?

1. Jespa

2. Nile

3. Styx

4. Ferrus

The correct answer is Styx. The river ends in a great marsh at the center of the Underworld.



36. What are known as the hounds of Zeus?


36. What are known as the hounds of Zeus?

1. Sirens

2. Satyrs

3. Harpies

4. Krakens

The hounds of Zeus are actually harpies, sent to earth to snatch people and objects. Unexplained disappearances were often attributed to these evil, winged women.



37. Whose job is it to pull the sun across the sky?


37. Whose job is it to pull the sun across the sky?

1. Apollo

2. Zeus

3. Jupiter

4. Heberus

The correct answer is Apollo. He is a busy guy, responsible for music, archery, and truth. He is also the god who taught man about healing and medicine.



38. Who is the first woman formed from clay by the ancient gods?


38. Who is the first woman formed from clay by the ancient gods?

1. Iris

2. Eros

3. Pandora

4. Julia

The correct answer is Pandora. She eventually opens a jar containing death and evil, releasing them into the world.



39. What does Cyclops make for Zeus?


39. What does Cyclops make for Zeus?

1. Clothing

2. Jewels

3. Lightning bolts

4. Golden chariots

The correct answer is lightning bolts. The three Cyclopes are released by Zeus and his brothers; in return, they give Zeus his lightning bolts, Poseidon his trident, and Hades his invisibility.



40. How many Greek and Roman gods are there?


40. How many Greek and Roman gods are there?

1. 156

2. 1,945

3. 393

4. Unknown

We'll never know exactly how many gods were worshiped by the ancient Greeks and Romans, but each civilization had a core twelve gods and goddesses who live on Mount Olympus.




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